to go to the following headings:
“THE NATURAL SYSTEM.”
SIZE AND VOLUME
BIOLOGICALLY EFFICIENT POND VALUE “BEV”
THE LOGIC BEHIND “BEV”
HOW BIO-CLAIRE WORKS
SUMMER AND WINTER MAINTENANCE DOSES:
THE “SECRET” OF BIO-CLAIRE®
BIO-CLAIRE AND SALT
BIO-CLAIRE® MONTMORILLONITE 'GOLD' -
THE POND'S FINAL POLISH !
WATER CONDITIONS......MEAN HEALTHY FISH AND PLANTS.
Nature really is wonderful - but as Pond Keepers, we spend
much of our time trying to harness it, mostly by using man-made
chemicals in the attempt to 'balance' those natural elements
- of which we ourselves are only a minuscule part............But
in a word;- Impossible!
on these pages, we want to portray a logical approach to Fish
Keeping as well as the reasons why Bio-Claire® Products
can help you keep your Pond or Aquarium in perfect condition.
Pond is a natural entity; and your first job is to work out
the true and exact volume. Knowing and understanding its correct
volume will, without a doubt, affect the way you are able
to eventually establish a natural balance, allowing for any
additions, be it treatment-wise or cosmetic - and/or other
changes you may make to your pond to create that very enjoyable
feature of your life.
SIZE AND VOLUME
is the generally accepted formula for you to do just that.
Rectangular Ponds: Average Length (ft) x Width (ft) x Depth
(ft) x 6.25 =
Circular Ponds: Average Length (ft) x Width (ft) x Depth (ft)
x 4.90 =
is important to note that when you calculate the gallonage
of your pond, you must also consider the following five
extremely important factors:
(i) Hours of direct sunlight, (ii) Depth of the pond,
(iii) Fish stock, (iv) how many feeds per day and (v)
any other prevalent pollution like trees, ducks or even
factors have a direct bearing on the natural biological
balance of any pond and the then relevant percentage
allowance must be added to the physical volume to achieve
what we call the Biologically Efficient Pond Value.
“BEV” or BIOLOGICALLY
EFFICIENT POND VALUE
is a guide, together with a typical pond example to help you
to work out your “BEV” -and - for this purpose;
we will use the following measurements.
Example pond is of oblong shape, 10’2” in length,
9’5” in width & 2’6” average depth.
The calculation is therefore 10.16 x 9.42 x 2.5 x 6.25 - and
our pond has a volume of 1,495 Gallons. To simplify our calculations,
we'll round that up to 1,500 Galls.
must now consider:
The Depth of the Pond: If the average depth is less than 2’
8”, you have to allow an extra 2.5% for every inch less
than the 2’ 8”….. This is due to the fact
that the Sun's rays tend to lose their strength below that
depth. So, because our example pond is only 2’ 6”
deep, we must allow 5% extra on to our rating.
Hours of Direct Sunlight: If your pond ‘enjoys’
an average of more than 6 hours of direct sunlight per day
(based on the summer months), you have then to allow an extra
5% for every hour over and above the 6 hours. Example: Our
pond gets about 7 hours of direct sunlight per day so we need
to add a further 5% to our calculations.
Fish Stock: Noted Zoologists advise us that your natural stocking
levels should be calculated on the basis of 10" of fish
per 250 gals of pond water. (Yes, you did read that correctly)
Now, our pond has a physical volume of 1,500 Gallons, so we
therefore are able to calculate that in the size of the pond…
ideally, we ought to have a stocking level of only 60 inches
of total fish stock.
Our Example pond has a total of 72 inches of fish stock -
and we then calculate: 72 x 100/60 = 120(%). Our pond is thus
20% overstocked in relation to the true volume and that relevant
allowance must be made. Difficult to 'swallow' - but true!
Fish Feeding: If you feed your fish once a day. you need make
no allowance but you will have to make an allowance of at
least 7.5% for every extra time per day you feed your fish.
It isn’t a crime to feed your fish more than once a
day and most experts as well as all the reputable Fish Food
Companies advise: - “Little, but often” is the
best way to nourish your fish to achieve growth as well as
good health. -- But then.....One must remember the other side
of the coin by the realisation that the extra food WILL create
more Nitrates and we must therefore not delude ourselves…..and….make
the necessary adjustment as mentioned above.
In our Example pond, we feed our fish three times every day
and an extra 15% must therefore be added to our calculations.
Other Pollution, such as leaves from nearby trees, the occasional
duck and/or other bird (or animal) life. These factors may
be generally vague but must still be considered, each on their
own merits. For the sake of our Example we shall discount
can now calculate the BEV of our example pond as follows:
Depth of Pond = an extra 5%
Direct Sunlight = an extra 5%
Fish Stock = an extra 20%
Feeding = an extra 15%
This totals up as an extra 45%
Our pond has a physical Volume of 1,500 Galls = 1,500
and we multiply this by the 45% = 675
Therefore the Biologically Efficient Pond Value (“BEV”)
= 2,175 Gals.
with great respect, it is this “BEV” gallonage
on which you ought to base your future pond treatment calculations:
LOGIC BEHIND “BEV”
people will say “Poppycock” or maybe something
even stronger to all this but we ask you to think for a moment
!! ....... and... maybe, you will allow us to jog your memory
with just a few everyday facts:
pond will be as different in the morning as it is at night
- and vice versa; mainly due to Temperature, Chemical
and/or Biological changes and Plants which need Nitrogen
by day but Oxygen by night.
The pond’s environment changes every time you add
even one fish (let alone more than the one at any one
time). You must not forget that your fish keep on growing
on a daily basis too (we should certainly hope so) - and
if you add any plants - or - that little extra morsel
of food,..... when no-one’s looking! We are all
guilty of feeding our pets with that odd little extra!
- (I know - the writer does it all the time).
are also all guilty of buying ‘just that one more lovely
fish’ we see in an Aquatic or Garden Centre - or at
a show. We also buy plants for decorative purposes or for
oxygenating, etc., etc. We try to look after them as best
we can and as a part of the family, dependant on the depth
of our pockets, we buy and install Fountains and lights, Cascades
and Waterfalls, Filter Systems, UV filters, Magnets and possibly
want our fish to thrive and grow - and just even be able to
see them, without some green mass or slime or suspended algae,
which stops us having a clear view.
are also sometimes limited to where our pond is situated and
how deep we can make it or afford to make it. These things
are all very well but we cannot get away from the fact that
the above ‘factors’ are relevant and valid because
our pond’s environment changes on that daily basis.......
for instance, can we possibly combat something such as the
strength of the sun’s rays, when we know full well that
the sun’s rays alone greatly affect the water in our
pond as well as the livestock and plants we keep there.
certainly isn't a crime to want your pond to be a joy to look
at and maybe the best one in the neighbourhood. However, to
have all those extras as well as possibly having to limit
your physical pond to its environment by size (or whatever),
we must compromise in some way to achieve the correct balance.
The important thing therefore - is to be able to overcome
those forgivable ‘excesses’ - so that we end up
with a beautiful well-conditioned pond with nice fish and
plants - and, above all, which is easy to maintain.
one takes that extra time to think about it, the facts stated
and used in the above calculations may, and most times undoubtedly
will; certainly have a great effect upon the ongoing environmental
changes within your pond’s very life.
If, therefore, the “BEV” is included in the equation
as a logical (and biological) part of your pond, then we are
quite certain that you and your fish will benefit from the
more evenly balanced environment you pond is bound to enjoy.
manufacturers of various other pond products advertise and
promote similar ‘allowances’ in their literature
- but it is always wise to check with each specific supplier
for their own particular version. This is particular of paramount
importance where the use of chemicals is involved and we would
ask you to read all instructions carefully, before embarking
on any type of treatment or medication.
at Bio-Claire advocate that the above “BEV” is
always taken into consideration. This is especially important
for the Bio-Claire Starter Dose and for the first Maintenance
Dose of the Bio-Claire treatment programme.
time goes on and as experience has shown, it may be necessary
only to use the physical (rather than “BEV”) volume
values in the future, except in extreme cases. In any case,
after using Bio-Claire for some time, you will get to know
the right dosage of Bio-Claire for your own pond - just as
you know how much water your house plants need on a regular
is why Bio-Claire Pond Conditioner really is so wonderful
and comes into its own because - it is in itself a natural
product - and it works naturally towards that utopian balance
which everybody would like to enjoy in their pond all the
the other hand, Bio-Claire is no miracle either….. because
if we could foretell the workings of nature’s way only
to a small part of reality, we would all be millionaires.
to that Reality .... and the question .... How does ‘All-in-One’
Bio-Claire really work ?? --- What does it do ?? --- How will
it work in your Pond ??
you have started using sufficient Bio-Claire for the biological
volume (“BEV”) you will no doubt see a marked
change in the water, even after a couple of days. Your pH
will begin to find the correct level and generally the water
will be in good condition.
Pond Conditioner is made up by using varying sizes
of small granules of finest quality natural Zeolites
which include Clinoptilolite and Montmorillonite.
We blend these granules together with chosen and
blended micro-organisms in bacteria, both aerobic
and anaerobic, together with carefully selected
enzymes, and other natural materials. The careful
processing will create the perfect balance in
your pond in such a way that it will nurture normal
plants but eventually inhibit the growth of algae.
In essence, the Zeolite is used only as a carrier
for our special formation and blend of Bacteria
soon as the sufficient (a definite must) Bio-Claire
starter dose is strewn over the water surface
- it literally starts to work right away. The
modified bacteria that have lain dormant in our
product suddenly wake up and start to multiply
- by doubling every 20 minutes.
explain and illustrate the sheer enormity of the natural activity…..Each
100 grams of Bio-Claire contains at least 200,000,000 bacteria….
and if we use only an average small example pond of 500 Gallons
- that pond will need a Starter dose of about 700 grams of
Bio-Claire Pond Conditioner.
This then means that when you introduce the Bio-Claire into
the pond, you are effectively putting in (and waking up) about
1,400,000,000 bacteria - all in one go! After 20 minutes there
will be 2,800,000,000. 40 minutes after starting there will
be 5,600,000,000 and after only one hour - 11,200,000,000
would be the count.
is mind-blowing to imagine what the count is likely to be
after just one day.
where do all these ‘good’ bacteria go?……………………
Please read on!
process, however infinite it may be, continues - until the
older of the little 'beggars' start to get tired…and
eventually leave this life.
Not ! - Help is at hand….…In the shape of the
Bio-Claire maintenance dose, which then regularly rejuvenates
to where we were -- at the Bio-Claire starter dose.
first action that takes place within the pond is that rather
than the Zeolite absorbing any ammonia that is latent in the
water, it changes the ammonia by ion exchange into nitrogen
gas. This gaseous nitrogen then escapes through the water
surface and then into the atmosphere.
formation, first of Nitrites NO2 and then, Nitrates NO3 is
therefore inhibited and as most pond owners know, -- these
are the most potent nuisances to have present in your pond.
They are the ‘naughties’ or maybe even the ‘nightmares‘
which can cause most problems for you.
Weed ?? -- What's that ??
the now many hundreds of calls (in fact over 2,500) that we
have had from people over the last 2½ years, it is
now quite clear that the biggest bugbear in the life of almost
every pond keeper, is the dreaded blanket weed (or filament
are numerous killers, controllers and other types of materials
on the market, which claim to ‘rid’ any pond of
that ugly stuff.
as the experiences of the thousands of Bio-Claire users have
proven up to now, - this is where Bio-Claire Pond Conditioner
really comes into its own.
you commence the Bio-Claire treatment, you must virtually
declare war on the existing Blanket Weed in your pond and…..
this is where you will need perseverance. You will need to
“drag” out the horrible stuff on a very regular
basis and then.....after a while....... anything between 2
and 12 weeks, sometimes maybe even longer, - the blanket weed
will become easier and easier to remove........
then suddenly you will realise that all the perseverance and
patience have been worth the effort because your pond will
really wonderful thing about it is that once you have given
sufficient time and effort to allow nature to take its own
course; the blanket weed then tends not to want to grow anymore.
It really is worth waiting for! ...... Dozens of our overjoyed
Bio-Claire users have picked up the 'phone to call us…….
just to thank us….. and to tell us that Bio-Claire has
worked for them, but more so they have thanked us for advising
them to have that patience because their blanket weed problem
has now completely disappeared.
another very important matter to consider, is something which
we mentioned earlier. Many hundreds of people have now used
Bio-Claire right through two winters and have not had to restart
the full dosage again in the spring because the bacteria were
kept alive by the persistent and regular monthly Maintenance
feed-back has shown that those ‘all-year-round’
users of Bio-Claire have seen their ponds ‘glowing’
as early as March, and as one excited Bio-Claire user from
Bracknell (recommended by World of Water at Shinfield) phoned
to tell us at that time (March 1997), .....and to quote from
the letter he sent us afterwards, “The fish normally
at this time of year were stressed and swam off every time
I approached in the past. Since I've been using Bio-Claire,
they have not scurried around the pond in fright and my Mirror
Carp which in summer sits on my hand to have its belly tickled,
has even come over to me - which I think is marvellous.”
same gentleman also signed his letter off, by saying,
“Once again I thank you, my fish thank you, and
my congratulations on a superb product!” (Ed:
Need I say more?)
This year (1998) we have already had dozens of calls
and letters telling of their wonderment at the marvellous
condition of their ponds and fish since they regularly
started using Bio-Claire - praising our product and
thanking us for bringing them something which “does
what it says!” (We couldn’t have put it
lady wrote to us in early March 1998 telling us how
overjoyed she was with her pond after regularly using
Bio-Claire for 11 months. Her query was that she had
a problem with some plants in another part of her garden.
- It had nothing to do with her pond, but because her
pond plants were thriving since she started to use Bio-Claire
she asked whether we (Quote) "had another 'Miracle
Product' to help her plants". We're not able to
help at the moment…. But we're working on it !
and Winter Maintenance Doses:
a guide there are seven main (warmer season) months in each
year, in Europe, from March to September (inclusive) at which
time you should use a full maintenance dose of Bio-Claire,
as calculated in accordance with the biological volume in
your pond. Then there are the three other months, October,
November and February where we advise you to use only half
the required maintenance dose of Bio-Claire. The other two
remaining months which are normally the coldest, i.e. December
and January, we advise that you use only a quarter of the
normal monthly maintenance dose.
if there is ice on the pond during these coldest months, we
suggest that you bore a hole in the Ice and pour a little
Bio-Claire through. As we said earlier, the fish are certainly
alive and they still need a certain amount of nutrition, however
deep the winter may be. (Please note however; it is not wise
to crack the ice because you don’t really want to shock
the fish with your hammering [we’re quite sure that
you wouldn’t like it if someone were using a hammer
on the other side of your bedroom wall] )
continuous 12-month treatment will ensure that the bacteria,
which are a major component of your Bio-Claire Pond Conditioner,
will have the regular availability of the nutrients they need
to survive and multiply at their natural rate. It is also
important to allow them to carry on with their good work in
your pond. (This development, though, may be a little slower
during the colder months)
!! - The “Secret” of Bio-Claire®
only real “secret” about Bio-Claire is - That
brought Bio-Claire to the market place about 3 years ago and
since that time, have been very fortunate to experience good
increases in the sales of our great natural product. We’ve
also been very lucky to have so many - now thousands - of
regular Bio-Claire users come back to us just to tell us how
wonderful the product is and how well it has worked for them.
is definitely an ‘All-year-round’ product because
(as we have already pointed out), fish only go to sleep in
the winter - they do not die!
still works on - even during the winter months.... And likewise,
as I said in the previous chapter, bacteria still live on,
feed and multiply - maybe not quite as prolific during the
colder weather - but they remain alive just the same.
at Bio-Claire have not in the past, nor do we now, make any
rash claims or promises about our product -- But then who
can honestly make any promises about anything to do with Nature.
WILL ALWAYS WORK IN ITS OWN WAY AND TIMESCALE !
we put Bio-Claire Pond Conditioner onto the market, we have
always been very careful to tell everyone the whole truth
at all times. We feel we must make this point clear, yet again!
It is because of the rapport which our Bio-Claire Pond Conditioner
seems to have struck up with Nature itself, that we are able
to relate to prospective users, the fact that if they just
manage to be patient about the workings of our wonderful product,
they will soon enough discover that same rapport for themselves.
too, can discover that rapport when you use Bio-Claire Pond
Conditioner. The added bonus is that very well known fact
that if your pond water is kept in good condition, your fish
will be very happy - and so will you !
is a well-known fact that many pond keepers still use salt
in their pond for various reasons such as stress relief and
as an astringent antiseptic......
here it is important to note that Bio-Claire is not made up
of just an ordinary type of the Zeolite which is normally
used as a filter medium or 'Ammonia Absorber'. (We have, by
the way, our own brand of high-grade filter Zeolite, called
will not, under normal circumstances be affected by salt if
you start using our product whilst there is salt already present
in your pond. The saline presence can, however, inhibit the
function and workings of the Bio-Claire Pond Conditioner and
to get the best out of our product, it would be prudent to
allow the percentage salt solution level to decrease to an
acceptable level before commencing your Bio-Claire treatment.
logical reasons for NOT creating a problem with
this scenario are that when you strew the fresh
Bio-Claire into your pond, salt or no, there certainly
is no ammonia present in the Pond Conditioner
at that time for it to be released into the pond.
we fully understand the reasons why so many people
use salt (NaCl and CaCl) - and we are not here
to dictate to anyone about its use - the truth
is that salt is an irritant and we are told by
our zoologist Consultants that prolonged use of
Salt can even harm your fish - and furthermore.....…..they
say that if cold water fish felt at home in salt
water, they would swim in the sea. ---
writer's logical, maybe forthright, comment (or question)
is -- Would you bathe your face in a salt water solution with
your eyes open ?? - I know for sure that I wouldn’t.
But then, after you use Bio-Claire Pond Conditioner regularly,
your pond water will be in good condition in any case - and
the use of salt can be avoided.
we said earlier, we do not advise the use of salt in ponds.
If, however, you feel that a particular fish needs salt for
any possible 'medication' reason of your own (or advised)
assessment - then, at least, take that poorly fish out of
the pond and put it into a quarantine tank to treat it there,
rather than in the pond with all the other fish.
parallel reasoning for that situation is that:- in a human
family of four persons, if one person is ill - you certainly
wouldn’t treat the whole family with the same medicine
hope that with this simple truthful account we will have been
able to help you better understand our wonderful product,
Bio-Claire Pond Conditioner. It will not only help you as
a Bio-Claire user - if you are not already one, but we sincerely
hope that you will also find it useful whatever environment
or other products you may have in your pond.
'Gold' - The Pond's Final Polish !
just added this new product to our range; which again
is a pure and natural mineral and works extremely well in
tandem with our Bio-Claire® Pond Conditioner.
Carp normally live in very clayey, muddy environments as their
natural habitat and as we all know, Koi Keeping has now become
a world-wide hobby.
is mooted that the main reason for keeping Koi is the fact
that as well as having such glorious colours, they are a very
friendly species which often come to feed directly from your
hand and even allow themselves to be stroked.
is obvious therefore that Koi Keepers will always want to
have an unfettered view of their possibly expensive specimens
whilst they gambol playfully around in their pond.
one must remember that when these beautiful and sometimes
expensive creatures are taken out of their natural habitat,
they have to be nurtured by more artificial means.
of many Koi Keepers over the last 20 years has shown that
the first step to a Koi Pond with as natural environment as
possible is to include effective Biological filtration. This
factor is not always as simple to create and/or maintain as
one would imagine and the different schools of thought on
the matter are almost as numerous as there are different species
of Koi Carp.